Illinois Species

Scientific Name

Common Name


Caudata

Salamanders

Jefferson Salamander
Blue-spotted Salamander
Spotted Salamander
Marbled Salamander
Silvery Salamander
Mole Salamander
Small-mouthed Salamander
Eastern Tiger Salamander
Spotted Dusky Salamander
Southern Two-lined Salamander
Long-tailed Salamander
Cave Salamander
Four-toed Salamander
Eastern Red-backed Salamander
Northern Zigzag Salamander
Northern Slimy Salamander
Lesser Siren

Anura

Toads and Frogs

American Toad
Fowler’s Toad
Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
Bird-voiced Treefrog
Green Treefrog
Gray Treefrog Complex
Spring Peeper
Upland Chorus Frog
Illinois Chorus Frog
Boreal Chorus Frog
Western Chorus Frog
Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad
Eastern Spadefoot
Crawfish Frog
Plains Leopard Frog
American Bullfrog
Pickerel Frog
Northern Leopard Frog
Southern Leopard Frog

Testudines

Turtles

Snapping Turtle
Alligator Snapping Turtle
Painted Turtle
Spotted Turtle
Blanding’s Turtle
Northern Map Turtle
Ouachita Map Turtle
False Map Turtle
River Cooter
Eastern Box Turtle
Ornate Box Turtle
Pond Slider
Yellow Mud Turtle
Eastern Mud Turtle
Eastern Musk Turtle
Smooth Softshell
Spiny Softshell

Squamata

Lizards

Collared Lizard
Slender Glass Lizard
Eastern Fence Lizard
Common Five-lined Skink
Broad-headed Skink
Little Brown Skink
Six-lined Racerunner

Squamata

Snakes

Common Wormsnake
Scarletsnake
Kirtland’s Snake
North American Racer
Coachwhip
Ring-necked Snake
Great Plains Ratsnake
Gray Ratsnake
Eastern Foxsnake
Red-bellied Mudsnake
Western Hog-nosed Snake
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
Yellow-bellied Kingsnake
Black Kingsnake
Mississippi Green Watersnake
Plain-bellied Watersnake
Southern Watersnake
Diamond-backed Watersnake
Common Watersnake
Rough Greensnake
Smooth Greensnake
Gophersnake
Graham’s Crayfish Snake
Dekay’s Brownsnake
Red-bellied Snake
Flat-headed Snake
Western Ribbonsnake
Plains Gartersnake
Eastern Ribbonsnake
Common Gartersnake
Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

Copperhead–venomous
Cottonmouth–venomous
Timber Rattlesnake–venomous
Massasauga–venomous